Today Internet and electronic technologies have made it possible to access communication at one’s own convenience. The innovation of electronic devices in the market has further spoiled the consumers for choice. While communication is becoming ubiquitous, it is also pertinent to note that misuse of communication facilities is happening at very frequent levels. In case, terrorists and cyber criminals are now increasingly misusing the technologies in innovative ways so as to give effect to their illegal designs. Given the advent of electronic devices, mobile phones, social media and VoIP, interception has become even more relevant.
As such, for protection and preservation of their sovereign interests, nations are relying upon interception as a means to have advanced knowledge of potential wrong doings. Interception is today an important weapon in the arsenal of every sovereign nation.
In India, the law pertaining to interception has now been more elaborately developed. Earlier, in India, telephones were intercepted under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885. The advent of Information Technology Act, 2000, provides the powers of interception of electronic communications to Government of India. These powers have been more elaborately dealt with by the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008.
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